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Timbers

There are over 150 species of timber that are produced in India. Following are the chief varieties of timber (trees) that are used for engineering purposes in India:

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Dalbergia Sissoo, Sheesham, Sisam

Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as North Indian rosewood or shisham, is a fast-growing, hardy, deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian subcontinent and southern Iran. D. sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers.

Java Plum, Jamun

Syzygium cumini, commonly known as Malabar plum, java plum, black plum, Jamun, or jambolana, is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae and favored for its fruit, timber, and ornamental value.

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Ficus virens, Pilkhan

Ficus virens is a plant of the genus Ficus found in Pakistan, India, Southeast Asia, through Malaysia, and into Northern Australia. Its common name is white fig; it is locally known as pilkhan and in the Kunwinjku language it is called manbornde. Like many figs, its fruits are edible.

Sacred Fig, Peepal, Pipal

Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent and Indochina that belongs to Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family. It is also known as the bodhi tree, pippala tree, peepul tree, peepal tree, the pipal tree, or ashvattha tree.

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